Pain Relief Choices for Children
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Pain Relief Choices for Children


Parents’ Decision Making Process Regarding Pain Relief for Infants
Human Research Ethics Approval Number: H19REA134


Project Description
This project is being undertaken as part of a Masters Project. The purpose of this project is to gather knowledge from parents regarding their use of pain relief methods to add to a growing body of literature around appropriate and effective use of pain relief for infants. Pain relief products are a common product used by parents for their children in Australia. Recent research, including the Royal Children's Hospital Poll (2018), and research into pain relief trends such as amber necklaces, have illustrated that there is still misinformation among Australian parents, about safe practices for pain relief, as well as the most effective methods. There is a lack of information on how parents make decisions about what pain relief methods to use. This provides significant grounds to investigate parents' current use of pain relief products, as well as their knowledge, beliefs, and decision making processes to use such products. This research will provide insight into which pain relief products are being used the most and why, which products are seen to be the most effective by parents, and what are the important elements of pain relief products and their advertisements that lead parents to choose such products. The results of this research can then add to a growing field of research around pain relief for infants to inform health bodies, health professionals, and parents of the safest and most effective pain relief methods to choose. The research team requests your assistance in completing this questionnaire, in order to provide information on current pain relief methods used, why these products are being chosen, and what is important to parents in terms of pain relief for their infants.

Your participation will involve completion of an online questionnaire that will take approximately 30 Minutes of your time.

Questions will include

  • What is your most commonly used method of pain relief?
  • How often do you use this type of pain relief? (for example, ibuprofen)

Your participation in this project is entirely voluntary. If you do not wish to take part, you are not obliged to. If you decide to take part and later change your mind, you are free to withdraw from the project at any stage. You will be unable to withdraw data collected about yourself after you have participated in this questionnaire. If you do wish to withdraw from this project, please contact the Research Team (contact details at the top of this form). Your decision whether you take part, do not take part, or to take part and then withdraw, will in no way impact your current or future relationship with the University of Southern Queensland.

Expected Benefits
It is expected that this project will not directly benefit you. However, it may benefit you by encouraging consideration into pain relief products, and increase your awareness to other pain relief methods. USQ Psychology students who participate in the survey will be given 1% credit towards one of their psychology courses. All other participants can enter a prize draw to win a $100 VISA gift card if they wish. The VISA gift card will be distributed to one participant in accordance with USQ’s Guidelines for the Giving of Prizes as Incentives for Research Participation. The winner will be conducted at the conclusion of the commencement of the survey.

In participating in the questionnaire, there are minimal risk including a time imposition of 30 minutes, and potential consideration into thinking and behaviour. Sometimes thinking about the sorts of issues raised in the questionnaire can create some uncomfortable or distressing feelings.  If you need to talk to someone about this immediately, please contact LifeLine on 13 11 14.  You may also wish to consider consulting your General Practitioner (GP) for additional support.

Privacy and Confidentiality
All comments and responses will be treated confidentially unless required by law. The names of individual persons are not required in any of the responses. The research data will be made available for future research purposes, mainly for similar projects. The data will be stored in the University of Southern Queensland and protected by passwords only known to the researchers. The participant data will be non-identifiable. A summary of results will be created at the conclusion of the research. If participants wish to access this summary, they may email researchers to request the summary. Any data collected as a part of this project will be stored securely as per University of Southern Queensland’s Research Data Management policy.

Consent to Participate
Clicking on the ‘Submit’ button at the conclusion of the questionnaire is accepted as an indication of your consent to participate in this project.

Questions or Further Information about the Project
Please refer to the Research Team Contact Details at the bottom of the survey if have any questions answered or to request further information about this project.

Concerns or Complaints Regarding the Conduct of the Project
If you have any concerns or complaints about the ethical conduct of the project, you may contact the University of Southern Queensland Manager of Research Integrity and Ethics on +61 7 4631 1839 or email The Manager of Research Integrity and Ethics is not connected with the research project and can facilitate a resolution to your concern in an unbiased manner.

Research Team Contact Details
Principal Investigator Details
Miss Hannah Perrott
Mobile:  0432 503 217

Supervisor Details
Dr Michelle Adamason
Telephone: (07) 4631 1549