Sun-protection Behaviours for Children aged 0 to 6 years
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Sun-protection Behaviours for Children aged 0 to 6 years


Human Research Ethics Approval Number -  H20REA057

Sun-protection behaviours for children aged 0 to 6 years

This project is being undertaken as part of a Bachelor of Science (Psychology) Honours project and will be published in a Bachelor of Science (Psychology) Honours thesis and may also be part of a journal article or a conference presentation. Reports will be provided to participants and organisations. All participant information will be deidentified prior to being published.
The purpose of this project is to observe the kinds of sun-protection caregivers provide for their 0- to 6-year-olds and assess whether their beliefs about sun-protection may relate to the sun-protection they apply to their children.
If you are the parent or caregiver of a child or children aged 0-6, you are invited to take part in this project. This is an area of research that has not yet been assessed using a diary study and may provide valuable insight into the sun-protection caregivers use on themselves and their children. 

There are two parts to this study. You may choose to take part in Part 1 without participating in Part 2. Part 1 involves the completion of an online survey that will take approximately 20 minutes of your time. You will then be invited to complete Part 2, a diary that will be emailed to you by the Principal Investigator and completed by pen and paper. It will take approximately 10 minutes per day for 4 days.
The survey will include questions about the demographic information of you and your child/children aged 0-6 years, and questions regarding the attitudes you hold about protecting your children from the sun. 
The diary will be completed for 4 days in total and will require you to record every instance your child goes outside, including a variety of details, such as how long they were outside for, the weather conditions at the time and what activity the child was doing, what the child was wearing, any sun-protection that may have been provided. The diary days do not need to be consecutive, and the Principal Researcher will follow up with you via email 3 weeks after providing you with the diary.
Your participation in this project is entirely voluntary. If you do not wish to take part, you are not obliged to. If you decide to take part and later change your mind, you may withdraw your participation and data from the survey at any stage before clicking ‘submit’, by simply closing the browser page. Alternatively, you may contact the researchers and provide them with the time and date you completed the survey and they will withdraw your data. In the diary stage of the study, you may withdraw your data by contacting the Research Team or choosing not to return the diary. You will be unable to withdraw data collection about yourself once the diary is in the analysis stage. If you have any questions, please contact the Research Team.
Your decision whether you take part, do not take part, or to take part and then withdraw, will in no way impact your current or future relationship with the University of Southern Queensland.

Expected Benefits
It is expected that this project directly benefits you by providing you with the opportunity to self-reflect on your parenting practices and sun-protective behavior. However, it may benefit the community organisations by informing them on parenting practices of sunscreen- and other sun-protection behaviours.
By participating in this study, you will receive entries into a cash prize draw or may choose to receive course credit if you are a USQ student. You will receive a total of one (1) entry into the cash prize draw or course credit for completing only the questionnaire, a total of three (3) entries into the cash prize draw or course credits if you complete the questionnaire and partially complete and return the diary, or a total of five (5) entries into the cash prize draw or course credits for completing the questionnaire and fully completing and returning the diary. To receive your entries or course credit, you will need to provide your email address at the end of the online questionnaire and ensure that you have filled in the email address field on each day of the diary. If you do not wish to receive any entries into the cash prize draw or course credit, then you do not need to supply your email address and you can indicate on the diary of your preference. You will be informed by email if you have won the cash prize draw.

In participating in the questionnaire and completing the diary, there are no anticipated risks beyond normal day-to-day living. It is possible, however, that you may experience minor inconvenience if the time taken to complete the questionnaire goes beyond the expected 20 minutes, or if the time imposition of the diary becomes too great, as it is expected to take up to 10 minutes per day to complete for 4 days. You may withdraw from the study at any time without penalty. 
Sometimes thinking about the sorts of issues raised in the questionnaire can create some uncomfortable or distressing feelings.  If you need to talk to someone about this immediately, please contact Lifeline on 13 11 14
 or the Cancer Council  or at You may also wish to consider consulting your General Practitioner (GP) or psychologist for additional support. USQ students can access Student Services support at, and can access USQ counselling services by contacting the Health and Wellness team by phone on 07 4631 2372, or by email at USQ students can also contact the USQ Psychology and Counselling Clinic, Toowoomba campus on 07 4632 1763 or, or Ipswich campus on 07 3812 6163 or, which are available during business hours. Counselling services are available online, face-to-face or over the phone.

Privacy and Confidentiality
All comments and responses will be treated confidentially unless required by law.
Data gathered throughout the study will be identifiable and re-identifiable by the researchers only. When the diary is returned, your survey and diary responses will be matched up using the supplied matching code, and your email address will be used for additional cash prize draw entries or course credits before being de-identified to ensure you will not be identified. Your data will be kept on password-protected computers, the secure USQ cloud server, and a password-protected hard drive accessible by the researchers only. The data will not be made available for future research purposes; however, it will be stored on the secure USQ cloud network for 7 years and then disposed of in accordance with USQ guidelines and as specified in the authorised Retention and Disposal Schedules issued by the Queensland State Archives.
Please contact the researchers if you wish to obtain a summary of the results from this project.
Any data collected as a part of this project will be stored securely as per University of Southern Queensland’s Research Data Management policy. 

Questions or Further Information about the Project
Please refer to the Research Team Contact Details at the top of the form to have any questions answered or to request further information about this project. 

Concerns or Complaints Regarding the Conduct of the Project
If you have any concerns or complaints about the ethical conduct of the project, you may contact the University of Southern Queensland Manager of Research Integrity and Ethics on +61 7 4631 1839 or email The Manager of Research Integrity and Ethics is not connected with the research project and can facilitate a resolution to your concern in an unbiased manner. 

Research Team Contact Details
Principal Investigator: Rebecca Greaves

Telephone: 0424 174 478

Primary Supervisor: Dr Carla Jeffries
Telephone: (07) 4631 1572

There are 25 questions in this survey.


Consent to Participate
Prior to beginning the survey, you will be required to indicate your consent to participate in the survey by clicking ‘Accept’.

To consent to continuing on to the diary stage of the study, you will be asked at the end of the survey whether you wish to participate in the diary stage.